DNA tests reveal REAL builders of Stonehenge from 5,000-years-ago | Construction Buzz #213
DNA testing by scientists has revealed who built Stonehenge more than 5,000-years-ago in a scientific breakthrough.
Researchers have discovered the ancestors of the people who constructed the iconic stone circle originally came from the Mediterranean.
DNA was extracted from ancient human remains found in the UK and compared to that of people who lived at the same time across Europe.
It was found that the early inhabitants of Britain originally travelled from Anatolia – modern day Turkey – to Iberia before heading to Britain.
The people would have arrived in Britain around 4,000BC – and their ancestors went on to build stonehenge in around 3,000BC.
DNA studies reveal the early inhabitants of Britain were largely descended from the groups on the Mediterranean.
It is believed they either suggest the coast or used boats to travel across the sea from island-to-island.
Britain was inhabited by groups of “Western hunter-gatherers” at the time.
But it is believed the arrivals from the south – who may have even are responsible for Stonehenge.
New arrivals to the shores of ancient Britain became farmers and kept themselves separate from the indigenous people, it appears from DNA.
And these migrants are understood to have brought the idea of building large stone circles – just like Stonehenge.
These farming migrants eventually took over the population of Britain, driving the locals into a small part of Scotland.
Co-author Professor Mark Thomas, from UCL, said he believes it was the sheer numbers of the farmers that led to the replacement.
RITUALS: Modern druids still use Stonehenge for ceremonies
SUNRISE: Stonehenge's construction is believed to be linked to the Sun and Moon
Scientists believe these farmers would have had paler skin with brown eyes and black or dark brown hair.
And meanwhile, the hunters native to ancient Britain would have had dark skin with blue eyes.
Britain underwent another population shift again in around 2,450BC when the Bell Beaker people moved over from mainland Europe.
The revelation comes as the mysteries of Stonehenge still loom – with the monument near Salisbury being one of the best examples of prehistoric Britain.
MYSTIC: Painting of what Stonehenge may have looked like in its heyday
It is unknown exactly what Stonehenge was used for, but theories suggest it was part of religious ceremonies.
Construction started on the project around 3,000BC and the last stone was laid in around 1,500BC.
Scholars believe Stonehenge may have been used in rituals linked to the worship of the Sun and the Moon.
At least 1,303 stone circles can be found across Britain.
Source: Daily Star